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    SLT effective part of glaucoma care strategy in developing countries

    Benefits for OAG in Afro-Caribbean population sustained over 3 years without medical therapy

     

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    Selective laser trabeculoplasty provided a majority of Afro-Caribbean patients with a mean IOP reduction of 40% with no need for medical therapy.

     

     

    Morgantown, WVSelective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) may prove beneficial to patients with glaucoma in the African-derived developing world, as part of a research program to identify cost-effective strategies for glaucoma care.

    “The magnitude of IOP reduction following SLT is significant, on the order of 35% to 40%,” said Tony Realini, MD, MPH, associate professor of ophthalmology, West Virginia University Eye Institute, Morgantown, WV. “This result is at least as good as—and perhaps better than—the results expected with a prostaglandin analogue.”

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    The St. Lucia Study

    In a prospective cohort study of the effects of SLT in open-angle glaucoma (OAG) in an Afro-Caribbean population from St. Lucia, most patients realized a decrease in IOP of 40% that was sustained over 3 years, without medical therapy, Dr. Realini said.

    Sixty-one patients with OAG who were taking one glaucoma medication were included in the study. After a 30-day washout period, baseline IOP was determined in two measurements and patients were treated with bilateral 360° SLT. Patients were followed after treatment at 1 hour, 1 week, 1 and 3 months, and every 3 months thereafter through 36 months.

     

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