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    Glaucoma risk may increase after cataract removal in early infancy

    Theory over whether IOL implantation provides protective effect under study


    When investigators compared the two treatment groups for the cumulative probability of glaucoma or glaucoma suspects at 5 years of age, they found that early after surgery the patients who received the IOL had developed glaucoma or were glaucoma suspects.

    However, by age 4.5 the scenario switched because a number of the aphakic children became suspects and by age 5 years, more children in the aphakic group than the IOL had glaucoma or were glaucoma suspects, Dr. Lambert explained.

    Related: How nutrition, exercise, and yoga affect glaucoma

    “This switching of scenarios is why these children will be followed to age 10 to determine if the trend continues in the aphakic group,” he explained.

    Recent: 7 common mistakes in managing uveitic glaucoma

    The important points from this study were that the risk of development of glaucoma increases by three-fold when cataracts are removed when patients are 6 weeks or younger; 4.8 years after cataract surgery, the risk of glaucoma is 17% and the risk of glaucoma or glaucoma suspects is 31%.

    Follow-up examination at 10 years of age will determine if primary IOL implantation reduces the risk of glaucoma.

    More: Check out more glaucoma news from Glaucoma 360!



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