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    Mediterranean diet may protect against macular degeneration


    Analysing micronutrients, the researchers found that fibre (both soluble and insoluble) consumption was significantly higher in people without AMD. So were beta-carotene, vitamin C, and vitamin E. And so was caffeine: in people without AMD, 54.4% consumed the equivalent of an espresso every day, compared with 45.1% of those with AMD (p=0.029)

    Caffeine is not normally considered part of a Mediterranean diet, but coffee is popular in Lousã and Mira, one of the researchers told Medscape Medical News.  He speculated that the participants in the study might have benefited from the antioxidants in the beverage.

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    The researchers found no statistically significant differences in consumption of omega-3 fatty acids, omega-6 fatty acids, zinc, or alcohol.

    “High adhesion profile to the Mediterranean diet seems to be protective in AMD, which might be explained by increased consumption of fruits and some antioxidant micronutrients,” the researchers concluded.

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