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    Weighing pros, cons of IOL implantation in pediatric cataract

    Study with children under age of 2 finds equal rate of glaucoma but more posterior synechiae

     

    Taking a closer look

    In his research, Dr. Vasavada wanted to take a closer look at outcomes and safety for the treatment of bilateral cataract in patients under the age of 2. The prospective, randomized, study analyzed results for up to 5 years and looked at complications.

    The study included 60 eyes with hydrophobic single-piece IOL implantation and 60 eyes with aphakia. Dr. Vasavada performed all surgeries.

    To help motivate parents and their children return for numerous follow-up exams, the office helped support their travel.

    The study examined glaucoma (defined as an IOP of more than 21 mm Hg), visual obscuration, and inflammation (e.g., synechiae and cell deposits).

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    The rate of glaucoma in the aphakic group was 16.7% and 13.4% in the pseudophakic group. Visual axis obscuration was 6.3% in the aphakic group and 10% in the pseudophakic group. Posterior synechiae occurred in 10% of aphakic patients and 25% of pseudophakic patients. There were also some cell deposits in the pseudophakic group, but they disappeared after 6 months postoperatively.

    The glaucoma rate between the two groups was essentially the same, Dr. Vasavada said. However, the difference in the rate of posterior synechiae was significant.

    More glaucoma: Rocket 2 meets safety endpoints for netarsudil

    Abhay Vasavada, MS, FRCS

    E: [email protected]

    This article was adapted from Dr. Vasavada’s presentation at the 2015 meeting of the American Academy of Ophthalmology. He did not indicate any proprietary interest in the subject matter.

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